Gustav Stickley was a designer and pioneer of the Arts and Crafts movement in the United States at the turn of the 20th century. Born on March 9, 1858 in Osceola, Wisconsin, Stickley grew up in a modest family. His interest in woodworking was aroused at an early age, and he began working as a carpenter and cabinetmaker. In 1898, he founded his own company, Gustav Stickley Company, in Eastwood, New York. He is best known for his solid wood furniture, characterized by simple design, functionality and craftsmanship. Stickley believed in the beauty of authentic craftsmanship and rejected mass production and excessive ornamentation. His style, often referred to as "Stickley Style" or "Craftsman Style", was influenced by the principles of the Arts and Crafts movement, which emphasized harmony between man and nature, as well as the integrity of materials and manufacturing techniques. In addition to his furniture, Stickley was also a prolific publisher and arts and crafts advocate. In 1901, he launched "The Craftsman" magazine, which played a major role in promoting the Arts and Crafts movement in the United States. The magazine featured articles on architecture, design, furnishings and other subjects related to craftsmanship and aesthetics. Stickley was also a fervent supporter of the progressive social and political ideals of his day. He used his platform in "The Craftsman" to promote causes such as women's suffrage, child labor and social housing. However, despite his initial success, Stickley's company ran into financial difficulties in the early 1910s. In 1915, he was forced to declare bankruptcy and sell his interest in the company. After the bankruptcy of his company, Stickley continued to work as a designer and publisher, but he never regained the same level of success as before. He died on April 21, 1942 in Syracuse, New York, leaving behind him a lasting legacy as an influential figure in the Arts and Crafts movement in the United States. Today, Stickley's furniture is still highly prized by collectors and design enthusiasts for its timeless quality and timeless aesthetic. His work continues to inspire craftsmen and designers the world over, and he is widely recognized as one of the great innovators of American design.